SAMPAH (PART 2)

Posted: September 12, 2009 in Civil Engineering

Berikut ini merupakan penjelasan mengenai tipe-tipe dari sampah berdasarkan tchobanoglous, et al.
Menurut Tchobanoglous, sampah dibagi menjadi beberapa tipe, yaitu:
1). Residential/Perumahan
Tipe fasilitas: keluarga sendiri dan multifamily, apartemen, dll
Jenis sampah yang dihasilkan berupa sampah makanan, kertas, cardboard, plastik, tekstil, sampah khusus (termasuk bulking item, consumer, elektronik, white goods, sampah halaman yang dipisahkan, baterai, minyak, dll)
2). Komersil
Tipe fasilitas: toko, restoran, kantor, hotel, dll
Jenis sampah yang biasa dihasilkan berupa kertas, cardboard, plastik, metal, gelas, sampah berbahaya, sampah khusus
3). Institusi
Tipe fasilitas: sekolah, rumah sakit, penjara, dll
Jenis sampah yang dihasilkan sama seperti sampah yang dihasilkan komersil
4). Konstruksi dan Demolisi
Tipe fasilitas: area konstruksi baru, perbaikan jalan/ area renovasi, dll
Jenis sampah yang dihasilkan berupa kayu, baja, beton, dll
5). Municipal Service (tidak termasuk treatment facilities)
Tipe fasilitas: pembersihan jalan, landscaping, taman dan pantai, area rekreasi lainnya
Jenis sampah yang dihasilkan berupa special waste, rubbish, street sweeping, landscape and tree trimming, catch basin debris, general waste from park, beach, and recreational area
6). Treatment plant site, municipal incinerator
Typical facilities: water, waste waetr, and industrial teratment processes, etc
Type of Solid waste: treatment plant waste, principally composed of residual sludges
7). Municipal Solid waste
Typical facilities: All of the above
Type of solid waste: All of the above
8). Industrial
Typical facilities: Construction, fabrication, light and heavy manufacturing, refineries, chemical plants, etc
Type of solid waste: industial process waste, scrap, material, etc. Non industrial waste including foodwaste, rubbish, ashes, demolition and construction waste, hazardous waste, etc
9). Agricultural
Typical facilities: field and row crops, orchard, vineyard, dairies, feedlots, farms, etc

Untuk sampah plastik itu sendiri merupakan suatu jenis polimer. Sampah plastik itu sendiri sebenarnya dibagi menjadi tujuh kategori, yaitu:
PETE/1 = Polyethylene Terephthalate
HDPE/2 = High density polyethylene
PVC/3 = Polyvinyl Chloride
LDPE/4 = Low density polyethylene
PP/5 = Polypropylene
PS/6 = Polystyrene
7 = Other multilayed plastic material

Sumber:
Tchobanoglous, George, H. Theisen, dan S. A. Vigil. Integrated Solid Waste Management. Singapore: McGraw Hill, Inc, 1993.

Comments
  1. Nikol says:

    where can i download this book for free? Tchobanoglous, George, H. Theisen, dan S. A. Vigil. Integrated Solid Waste Management. Singapore: McGraw Hill, Inc, 1993.
    do you know any of them? thanks

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